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CDC: US obesity rates plateau since 2000, but shows no signs of decreasing.

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http://www.bloomberg.com/news/2012-...g-u-s-adults-since-2000-cdc-report-finds.html

The prevalence of obesity in the U.S. largely leveled off in adults over the last decade, even as some groups, such as boys from ages 6 to 19, saw increases, according to two government studies.

Obesity rates among boys climbed 29 percent between 1999 and 2010, surpassing girls for the first time, according to a review of children's weight by the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Girls saw no increase. A second study by the Atlanta-based agency found that the rate in adults rose to 35.7 percent from 30.5 percent in that time.

“It shows we are doing a poor job as a nation protecting our children from the toxic influences of the food industry,” said Kelly Brownell, director of the Rudd Center for Food Policy & Obesity at Yale University in New Haven, Connecticut, in a telephone interview today.

More than 78 million U.S. adults, or a third of the population, and about 12.5 million children were obese in 2009- 2010, according to the studies reported in the Journal of the American Medical Association. In the two previous decades ending in 1999, the rates had nearly doubled, the authors said.

The studies are part of a continuing CDC effort to track obesity rates with updated numbers every two years. The researchers analyzed data from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, which weighs and measures participants, producing the most accurate details available, said Cynthia Ogden, a CDC epidemiologist, by telephone.

The analysis found virtually no changes since 2007, said Ogden, who is also a study’s lead author.

‘Rapid Increase Slowed’

“There is really a slowing down of the rapid increase in the prevalence of obesity that we saw in the 1980s and 1990s,” Ogden said. “Those increases we saw earlier are not continuing and we may be seeing a plateau.”

Until recently, the focus toward solving obesity was on fad diets and possible designer drugs, according to the Rudd Center’s Brownell. Those won’t work on a national scale because obesity is difficult to reverse once established, he said.

Now that public health authorities have targeted obesity as a driver of illness and death, akin to smoking or traffic fatalities, they are increasingly finding ways to change the environment to encourage healthier eating habits and physical activity habits early in life, he said.

New York City was able to reduce the obesity rate among grade school children 5.5 percent from 2006 to 2010 by boosting physical activity and encouraging healthier eating habits.

The percentage of obese kids in kindergarten through eighth grade in New York City schools fell to 20.7 percent in the 2010- 2011 school year, from 21.9 percent in 2006-2007, according to a study by the city’s health and education departments.
Health Risks

Obesity has been shown to boost the risk of heart disease, diabetes, some cancers, osteoarthritis, sleep apnea and stroke, the CDC has said. Americans spend about $147 billion a year on obesity-related health costs.

“It was all about how to remedy obesity once it occurred, the problem is it is a really hard problem to reverse, so you want to prevent it,” Brownell said. That’s only starting to happen, with efforts to limit soda and junk food in schools and other programs, Brownell said.

“The general population knows that obesity is problem, but unfortunately attention doesn’t equal results,” said Nisa Maruthur, an assistant professor of medicine at Johns Hopkins School of Medicine in Baltimore, by telephone.

The continued creep of the scale among males and African American women show that targeted programs are needed to try to reduce obesity rates, she said. Unfortunately, there’s no way to pinpoint why those groups in particular are still battling with weight gain on a broad level, Maruther said.

Weight-Loss Initiatives

The U.S. Health and Human Services department has awarded more than $119 million to states and territories for programs to reduce obesity since 2009, including increasing physical activity and improved nutrition.

More than a dozen states have also banned soda from school vending machines and lunch lines, and some restaurant chains, including McDonalds Corp., Chick-fil-A Inc. and Darden Restaurants Inc. (DRI), have committed to cut calories in their foods.

“The fact that prevalence rates are reaching a plateau is good news, but by no means are we at the end of the epidemic,” said David Ludwig, a pediatric endocrinologist and director of the New Balance Foundation Obesity Prevention Center at Children’s Hospital Boston. “Unless we see declining rates of obesity the impact on society will continue to mount for many years to come. The plateau is at an unacceptably high level.”

Obese Men and Boys


According to the reports, men became more obese in the latest decade, rising to 35.5 percent at the end of the decade from 27.5 percent. The rate among women didn’t significantly change over the time period, finishing at 35.8 percent.

Among all sexes and age groups, women 60 and older had the highest prevalence, with 42.3 percent.

Obesity rates for boys ages 2 to 19 rose to 18.6 percent in 2009-2010 from 14 percent in 1999-2000, while the rate for girls was little changed at 15 percent.

One reason why boys may be getting obese faster than girls is the ever-growing use of video games, the Internet, and electronic devices, said Jacob Warman, chief of endocrinology at the Brooklyn Hospital Center in New York.

“Even though the schools are emphasizing exercise at the gym, there are more things that take their attention away,” making kids sedentary, he said in a telephone interview. Girls are more self-conscious about their bodies than boys, which may counteract the trend toward more screen time, Warman said.
Food Industry Targets

Marion Nestle, a professor of nutrition and food studies at New York University, said fast-food establishments also tend to target boys and young men.

“Marketers encourage boys and young men to eat and drink as much as they can as part of macho lifestyles,” Nestle wrote in an e-mail. “The bigger the portions, the more the calories, and the bigger the person.”

While public health officials have been pushing healthier lifestyles to combat the epidemic, drugmakers such as Arena Pharmaceuticals Inc. (ARNA), Orexigen Therapeutics Inc. (OREX) and Vivus Inc. (VVUS) are competing to develop the first new obesity drug approved by regulators in more than a decade.

Their efforts have been stymied by side effects deemed too risky to win marketing approval by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration.

“You will see a drug approved in the next five years, but it won’t be a perfect drug,” said Steve Brozak, an analyst with WBB Securities in Clark, New Jersey, in an interview.
Drug Side Effects

Vivus’s diet pill, Qnexa, has been shown to be associated with oral clefts in babies whose mothers took it in pregnancy. Orexigen halted development of its drug, Contrave, for three months last year after the FDA said a large study on heart risks would be required for approval. It now plans to start such a trial this year.

Arena’s lorcaserin was rejected by the FDA in 2010, after a rat study showed a possible link to brain tumors. Follow-up studies concluded concentrations of the medicine were less in human brains than rats, and the FDA has accepted a resubmission for approval.

Any diet pill that wins approval with negligible side effects would generate unprecedented sales, bigger than Pfizer Inc.’s (PFE) $10.7 billion cholesterol pill Lipitor, Brozak said.

“This is a Carl Sagan number -- ‘billions and billions,’ as he used to describe all the stars that are out there,” Brozak said.

Sense of Normalcy

While no one in the public health world would deem the levels of overweight and obesity in the U.S. acceptable, it’s important to consider the environment facing the average American, said Maruther at Johns Hopkins. There might be a “sense of normalcy” among people whose peers are a similar size and have the same sedentary lifestyle, she said.

“One thing might be culture,” she said. “It might be that everyone around me is the same weight as I am, and our lifestyle and work habits are similar in general. That’s part of the challenge. It’s an uphill battle, for sure.”

I guess it is a start. I wonder what it will take for the numbers to start decreasing.
 

Kinitari

Black Canada Mafia
I was saying this in a thread a while back! That peoples claim that we are getting fatter and fatter in north america are a bit off. It's pretty much the same in Canada, although some demographics have seen a slight drop. People are much more aware of obesity than we were 30 or 40 years ago.
 
I was saying this in a thread a while back! That peoples claim that we are getting fatter and fatter in north america are a bit off. It's pretty much the same in Canada, although some demographics have seen a slight drop. People are much more aware of obesity than we were 30 or 40 years ago.

People are getting fatter. It just isn't at the same rate as before.

adults rose to 35.7 percent from 30.5 percent in that time.

That time being 1999 to 2010. It is mostly due to men though.
 

Korey

Member

source
 
Sorry, but you can't fill everything with corn syrup, tell people that vegetables oils are healthy, and suggest that grains be the largest food group of the day and then complain when Americans are fat. Sure, we could do with a lot less pizza and cake in the national diet in general, but the government's horrible dietary advice certainly isn't helping matters.
 
Sorry, but you can't fill everything with corn syrup, tell people that vegetables oils are healthy, and suggest that grains be the largest food group of the day and then complain when Americans are fat. Sure, we could do with a lot less pizza and cake in the national diet in general, but the government's horrible dietary advice certainly isn't helping matters.

Finding things sans HFCS is Where's Waldo on a depressingly difficult scale.
 

lil smoke

Banned
Sorry, but you can't fill everything with corn syrup, tell people that vegetables oils are healthy, and suggest that grains be the largest food group of the day and then complain when Americans are fat. Sure, we could do with a lot less pizza and cake in the national diet in general, but the government's horrible dietary advice certainly isn't helping matters.
I dunno. The serving size on Nutrition facts are no where near what I consider to be more than 1/2 a snack....

well maybe that's your point. duh.
 

jmdajr

Member
I gained five pounds over the holidays and was pissed at myself.

I don't know how people gain 50 and just carry on like nothing...
 

BobsRevenge

I do not avoid women, GAF, but I do deny them my essence.
Sorry, but you can't fill everything with corn syrup, tell people that vegetables oils are healthy, and suggest that grains be the largest food group of the day and then complain when Americans are fat. Sure, we could do with a lot less pizza and cake in the national diet in general, but the government's horrible dietary advice certainly isn't helping matters.

Yup. I wish the government was more honest instead of employing a system of slow change to allow for a maximum level of covering your own ass.

I gained five pounds over the holidays and was pissed at myself.

I don't know how people gain 50 and just carry on like nothing...

If you eat certain foods it'll affect your metabolism in a way that makes your body want to store fat. It's like a bear entering hibernation mode. Your body is disregarding the fat it currently has on it, and tells you that you're starving, because it's baseline is designed to pack on pounds.

So, they feel bad, but the natural response to the food diet being pushed on most poor Americans is to pack on pounds.
 
I had a woman who asked me if we carried 3xl in my store. I told her no, and she was like, "It's Florida and you don't carry 3xl!?" I wanted to say that pieces of shit like you I have no sympathy for being fat, and you're weak. But I gotta keep that job!

And the obesity is concentrated in the south! Go figure!
 
Thought this was interesting, from Streets Blog:

Where the the obese adults live:


People who drive to work:

Unfortunately it's a tenuous link at best:

Southern states like Alabama, Louisiana, Mississippi, and Georgia have some of the highest percentages of black residents in the country. Blacks are generally more impoverished than the average American. People living in poverty are more likely to be overweight and/or obese. In general, you could ignore racial demographics and just observe that these states are among the poorest in the country on average, and that poverty is clearly correlated with obesity.

At the same time, these states are much more rural than many other states in the country. People in more sparse, rural areas often don't have access to a Metro system or public transportation such as buses. This means they're more likely to drive to work. These southern states are generally more rural and have smaller metropolitan centers, so more people commute for work.
 
Unfortunately it's a tenuous link at best:

Southern states like Alabama, Louisiana, Mississippi, and Georgia have some of the highest percentages of black residents in the country. Blacks are generally more impoverished than the average American. People living in poverty are more likely to be overweight and/or obese. In general, you could ignore racial demographics and just observe that these states are among the poorest in the country on average, and that poverty is clearly correlated with obesity.

At the same time, these states are much more rural than many other states in the country. People in more sparse, rural areas often don't have access to a Metro system or public transportation such as buses. This means they're more likely to drive to work. These southern states are generally more rural and have smaller metropolitan centers, so more people commute for work.

That correlation is really only for women. The obesity rate for black men is basically the same/slight lower than white men.
 

cajunator

Banned
Unfortunately it's a tenuous link at best:

Southern states like Alabama, Louisiana, Mississippi, and Georgia have some of the highest percentages of black residents in the country. Blacks are generally more impoverished than the average American. People living in poverty are more likely to be overweight and/or obese. In general, you could ignore racial demographics and just observe that these states are among the poorest in the country on average, and that poverty is clearly correlated with obesity.

At the same time, these states are much more rural than many other states in the country. People in more sparse, rural areas often don't have access to a Metro system or public transportation such as buses. This means they're more likely to drive to work. These southern states are generally more rural and have smaller metropolitan centers, so more people commute for work.

This is true, but I want you to look at something interesting.
Lafayette parish wherE I live in South Central Louisiana is bright green in a sea of red.
not coincidentally it is a Cajun hotspot and the site of many festivals and Cajuns love to dance. I really wonder if that might help to cut obesity down with all that exercise, aside from the fact that this parish is wealthy compared to many in Louisiana. Whatever it is, Lafayette is an interesting contrast to the areas around it and this also applies with other maps that I have seen. THe commuting percentage is close to 100% though.
 
I've seen more obese very young children in the last five years in my life than the first 17. It's honestly shocking and disgusting.

This, every time I see a fat kid with their parents I'm like, what the hell is wrong with you people (in my mind obviously)

Sometimes I feel bad about selling them food at my work since it's bad already and they don't need anymore of it, but alas. I live in Houston and see a ton of overweight/obese people every day and feel sad for them when they come in and eat at the schlotzskys I work at. :/
 
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